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A neurological condition in which spontaneous abnormal electrical discharges in the brain give rise to fits or seizures. Seizures are of many types, but their pattern is consistent for a particular individual.

After specialist diagnosis and initiation of treatment, most patients are managed in primary care. Patients should be reviewed annually; some may not wish to attend, but it is important for them to be kept informed about their epilepsy and how its management might be improved. If a patient has been seizure free for a period, remaining so is important to maintain quality of life, e.g. if a change in medication leads to a fit, a driving licence may be forfeited.

NICE CG137 Epilepsies: diagnosis and management; 2012 (updated 2021).

Epilepsy Society Information for professionals and patients

Epilepsy Nurses Association

Medical conditions, disabilities and driving

Practice Nurse featured article

Emergencies in general practice. Seizures and status epilepticus Beverley Bostock-Cox

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