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CANCER IN CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE

Relatively rare: a GP will see, on average, one child under the age of 15 years with cancer every 20 years. Prompt diagnosis and referral from primare care may be difficult: many of the diverse symptoms are common and non-specific, and there is a wide spectrum of malignancies. 

Consider persistent parental anxiety to be sufficient reason for referral, even when a benign cause is considered most likely. Causes for concern include:

  • Frequent presentations of a child for the same problem
  • Back pain.

Certain syndromes predispose to cancer. See below: 

Childhood cancers include:

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