Cardiovascular disease risk modification
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of mortality in the UK accounting for around 200,000 deaths each year, and although mortality is decreasing, morbidity appears to be fairly constant with approximately 3 million people living with cardiovascular problems. CVD covers the broad category of diseases that affect the heart and circulatory system, causing coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, renal and cognitive impairment.
It is clearly established that risk factor modification leads to a reduction in coronary heart disease mortality. These prevention measures should span across the generations from young adults to old age. The practice nurse is therefore ideally placed to identify risk factors within their patients and work with them to make changes, thereby reducing their risk of cardiovascular disease.
Aims and objectives
On completion of this resource, you should have an understanding of:
JBS 2 Guidelines. Heart 2005:91:v1-52
European Guidelines on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice. European heart Journal 2012: 33, 1635-1701
Yusuf S, et al. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries - INTERHEART study. Lancet 2004;364:937-52
Practice Nurse featured articles
Smoking cessation: Tailoring your approach to the individual smoker Darush Attar-Zadeh
Health impact of diet in minority ethnic groups Georgine Leung
Back to basics: assessing cardiovascular disease risk Linda Edmunds
Further education and training
Please follow the links below to relevant Education for Health courses.
Date of preparation: January 2014
Review date: January 2015